Caio Terra is one of those Jiu-Jitsu champions who study the art thoroughly, analyzing each position and its qualities for his game and his students’. The study always yields results, as seen at the latest Worlds, in Long Beach.
The owner of a sharp guard and terrific guard passes, the roosterweight was asked by GRACIEMAG to help you hone your top game. Next, learn five tips from Caio Terra to bulldoze guard players.
1. Toe always on the ground
“Keep your toes always on the ground, no matter the position. Anytime you’re one top, you need to have your toes on the ground, unless you’re passing guard standing. You will always need your toes to give you leverage and a lot of forward pressure, and to not let your opponent push you back. The toes also help you have better posture.”
2. Knees always opened
“Whenever possible, keep your knees opened to strive for a better base and to be able to use your hands to attack, instead of having to prop them to avoid falling or getting swept. Often losing balance is the first step toward getting subbed.”
3. Always control the hips
“As you try to pass tight, try to control your opponent’s hips so he can’t move much. This stops them from recovering guard and attempting any acrobatic attacks or spins.”
4. Knees in the middle to avoid the closed guard
“One error made by most beginners is trying to pass the open guard with both knees on the ground. If one of the knees isn’t held up and in the middle of your opponent’s hip, they can close the guard easily. I deem the closed guard to be a mount from the bottom, because the positions are similar. All that changes is the place, but the concept is the same. Instead of letting the person close the guard to only then start working on the pass, keep your knee always in the middle.”
5. Closed elbows
“As you pass standing, it’s good to avoid relaxing and leaving your elbows opened – this makes it easier for the guard player to sweep or submit you. Besides, they may have control of the grips. Keep your elbows closed and lower one of their knees, opening the guard.”